Air War Over Finland 1939 - 1945
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Väino Rajamäki (Former Lapland Air Commander)
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Peter Martin (Speaker)
A documentary about the Air War over Finland from 1939 until 1945. A chance to have a look on some quite rare aircraft types.
(Please, note that Finns don't use roman numeral).
- 1 Supermarine Spitfire
- 2 Airspeed Oxford
- 3 Avro Anson Mk.I
- 4 Fokker D.XXI
- 5 Bristol 142 Blenheim Mk.I
- 6 Fokker C.10
- 7 Blackburn Ripon IIF
- 8 Junkers K 43
- 9 VL E.30 Kotka
- 10 Bristol 149 Blenheim Mk.IV
- 11 Polikarpov I-16
- 12 Unidentified Aircraft
- 13 Ilyushin DB-3
- 14 Tupolev SB 2M-100A
- 15 Morane-Saulnier MS.406
- 16 Gloster Gladiator
- 17 Tupolev SB M-103
- 18 Fiat G.50
- 19 Polikarpov I-153
- 20 Junkers Ju 87 B Stuka
- 21 Dornier Do 17 Z
- 22 Supermarine Spitfire Mk I/II
- 23 Hawker Hurricane I
- 24 Høver M.F.11
- 25 Brewster B-239
- 26 Fokker D.XXI
- 27 Curtiss H-75 A Hawk
- 28 Tupolev SB bis
- 29 Polikarpov I-153
- 30 Heinkel He 111 H
- 31 Morane-Saulnier MS.406
- 32 Ilyushin DB-3
- 33 Junkers Ju 88 A-4
- 34 Fokker C.10
- 35 Gloster Gladiator
- 36 Blackburn Ripon IIF
- 37 Bristol 142 Blenheim
- 38 Curtiss H-75 A Hawk
- 39 Brewster B-239
- 40 Focke-Wulf Fw 44 Stieglitz
- 41 Fokker D.XXI
- 42 Douglas DC-2
- 43 Douglas C-47 Skytrain
- 44 Ilyushin DB-3
- 45 Junkers K 43
- 46 Fiat G.50
- 47 Tupolev SB bis
- 48 Polikarpov I-153
- 49 de Havilland DH60 Moth
- 50 VL E.30 Kotka
- 51 Dornier Do 17 Z
- 52 Morane-Saulnier MS.406
- 53 Morane-Saulnier MS.410
- 54 Petlyakov Pe-2
- 55 Dornier Do 22 Kl
- 56 Høver M.F.11
- 57 VL Myrsky
- 58 Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-2
- 59 Focke-Wulfe Fw 190 F
- 60 Lavochkin La-5FN
- 61 Bell P-39 Airacobra
- 62 Junkers Ju 87 D Stuka
- 63 Focke-Wulfe Fw 190 A-6
- 64 Yakovlev Yak-9
- 65 Sukhoi Su-2
- 66 Messerschmitt Bf 109 E
- 67 Junkers Ju 88 A-4
- 68 Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6
- 69 Bristol 142 Blenheim Mk I
- 70 Lavochkin LaGG-3
- 71 Curtiss H-75 A Hawk
- 72 Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik
- 73 See also
Fokker D.21 as Finns write it but the manufacturer uses D.XXI as type naming.
The first seen is coded FR-79 (c/n 5441) and is powered by a Mercury engine. It was destroyed in an accident on June 1939 after 120 hours of flight.
The manufacturer's type name (Fokker C.X) was replaced in Finland by Fokker C.10
Blackburn Ripon IIF
Wheels / floats were replaced by skis during the winter.
K 43 are the military types of the W 34 family, itself very close to the W 33 family.
VL E.30 Kotka
VL stands for Valtion Lentokonetehdas which means (Finnish) State Aircraft Factory. One prototype and five production aircraft built in the beginning of the thirties.
Tail of a Polikarpov I-16.
Accident ? Shotdown ? Probably a twin engine aircraft.
Ilyushin DB-3 shot down on 5th February 1940 at Keräsyrjä.
SB Bombers over Helsinki on 30th November 1939... with some pigeons flying away !
Finnish Gloster Gladiator GL-263.
Swedish Gloster Gladiator, type J-8 as the volunteers named it.
Fiat G.50 FA-1 of 3/LeLv 26, 1941.
One of the twelve received by Finland in 1940.
One of the 29 M.F. 11 built by Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk (The [Norwegian] Navy's Flying Boat Factory), usually known as Høver M.F.11. Three of these three-seat, single-engined biplane flew to Finland at the fall of Norway on 8th June 1940. They were pressed into service by Finland when USSR created a state of war. They served until winter 1944.
With a 5 on the rudder, it's probably BW-365 of LeLv 24.
Finnish Tupolev SB powered by M-103 engines. Six were refurbished by Finns and seventeen purchased from Germany.
Perhaps VH-101 (later VT-11 then IT-11). This Polikarpov I-153 was sized by Finns.
Same aircraft in other movies at IMPDb: Frequently Seen Aircraft.
Another one is seen with the N9+DA code.
Morane-Saulnier MS.406 c/n 715 coded MS-608 will be shot down on 7th November 1941. Former L-744 in France until June 1940 when it was sized by German troops.
Blackburn Ripon IIF
This one on floats.
Shots used again in Tali-Ihantala 1944.
Curtiss CU-556 of LeLv 32.
Brewster B-239 BW-378 of 4/LeLv 24.
Brewster B-239 BW-384 of 2/LeLv 24.
On the foreground. Behind, a Brewster B-239 is landing.
Fokker D.21 FR-91 was shot down on 7th October 1941.
Only one coded DC-1 was committed to operations.
Finns usually called their aircrafts of the W33 / W34 / K 43 family just by : Junkers.
Two mechanics servicing the Fiat A.74 RC38 14-cylinder air-cooled radial engine of a Fiat G.50 on 13 March 1940.
Fiat G-50 FA-29, winter 1942.
Tupolev SB M-103 of the Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force).
Two Polikarpov I-153 worn a "2" on their rudder but the yellow band at some distance of the blue Count von Rosen's swastika indicates the VH-12 (later IT-12). Shot taken before July 1942 because this aircraft sank following an angine fire on the 9th of July.
VL E.30 Kotka
Morane-Saulnier MS.406 coded MS-325. It was lost on 7th August 1942.
Please note the retractable radiator, here in extended position.
Note the fixed radiator, the most visible difference with the 406.
First a Petlyakov Pe-2 manned by the Finns.
Then one used by the Luftwaffe.
A flight of the VVS (Soviet Union).
Dornier Do 22 Kl
Four export version for Latvia. Not delivered, but eventually transferred to Finland.
With a Dornier Do 22 Kl in the background.
Finnish indigenous fighter. The prototype flew on 23 December 1941 and led to a serie of 47 Myrsky II. Their delivery to front units occurred a few weeks before of the cease fire and few operational missions were flown. In service until 1950.
Shot used again in Tali-Ihantala 1944.
MT-227 of 2/HLeLv 24 on 8th May 1944.
Of the Luftwaffe.
Used by the VVS.
Same aircraft seen in Tali-Ihantala 1944.
Fw 190 A-6 "black 1" of 5/JG54 taking off at Immola, July 1944.
A YAk-9 of a Guard Regiment, VVS.
Seen again on DVD07 of Wings of Russia (page 2).
Late in the documentary, this Bf 109 E was in fact in Finland on summer 1941.
MT-455 of 1/HLeLv 24, Lappeenranta on 26 June 1944.
One of the three Lavochkin captured in 1942 and pressed into combat by the Finns.